By: Amy Grant
As their name suggests, Ohio goldenrod plants are indeed native to Ohio as well as parts of Illinois and Wisconsin, and the northern shores of Lake Huron and Lake Michigan. While not widely distributed, growing Ohio goldenrod is possible by purchasing seeds. The following article contains information on how to grow Ohio goldenrod and about Ohio goldenrod care within a native growing environment.
Ohio goldenrod, Solidago ohioensis, is a flowering, erect perennial that grows to about 3-4 feet (around a meter) in height. These goldenrod plants have flat, lance-like leaves with a blunt tip. They are primarily hairless and the leaves at the base of the plant have long stalks and are much bigger than the upper leaves.
This wildflower bears yellow flower heads with 6-8 short, rays that open on stems that are branched at the top. Many people think that this plant causes hayfever, but actually it just happens to bloom at the same time as ragweed (the real allergen), from late summer into fall.
Its genus name ‘Solidago’ is Latin for “to make whole,” a reference to its medicinal properties. Both Native Americans and the early settlers used Ohio goldenrod medicinally and to create a bright yellow dye. The inventor, Thomas Edison, harvested the natural substance in the plant’s leaves to create a substitute for synthetic rubber.
Ohio goldenrod needs 4 weeks of stratification to germinate. Direct sow seed in the late fall, lightly pressing the seeds into the soil. If sowing in the spring, mix the seeds with moist sand and store in the refrigerator for 60 days prior to planting. Once sown, keep the soil moist until germination.
As they are native plants, when grown in similar environments, Ohio goldenrod care only includes keeping the plants moist as they mature. They will self-sow but not aggressively. This plant attracts bees and butterflies and makes a lovely cut flower.
Once the flowers have blossomed, they turn from yellow to white as seeds develop. If you wish to save seeds, snip the heads before they become completely white and dry. Strip the seed from the stem and remove as much plant material as possible. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place.
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Read more about Goldenrod
This map shows the native and introduced (adventive) range of this species. Given appropriate habitat and climate, native plants can be grown outside their range.
Growing your own plants from seed is the most economical way to add natives to your home. Before you get started, one of the most important things to know about the seeds of wild plants is that many have built-in dormancy mechanisms that prevent the seed from germinating. In nature, this prevents a population of plants from germinating all at once, before killing frosts, or in times of drought. To propagate native plants, a gardener must break this dormancy before seed will grow.
Each species is different, so be sure to check the GERMINATION CODE listed on the website, in the catalog, or on your seed packet. Then, follow the GERMINATION INSTRUCTIONS prior to planting. Some species don't need any pre-treatment to germinate, but some species have dormancy mechanisms that must be broken before the seed will germinate. Some dormancy can be broken in a few minutes, but some species take months or even years.
Seed dormancy can be broken artificially by prolonged refrigeration of damp seed in the process of cold/moist STRATIFICATION. A less complicated approach is to let nature handle the stratifying through a dormant seeding, sowing seeds on the surface of a weed-free site in late fall or winter. Tucked safely beneath the snow, seeds will be conditioned by weathering to make germination possible in subsequent growing seasons.
To learn more, read our BLOG: How to Germinate Native Seeds
We dig plants when they are dormant from our outdoor beds and ship them April-May and October. Some species go dormant in the summer and we can ship them July/August. We are among the few still employing this production method, which is labor intensive but plant-friendly. They arrive to you dormant, with little to no top-growth (bare-root), packed in peat moss. They should be planted as soon as possible. Unlike greenhouse-grown plants, bare-root plants can be planted during cold weather or anytime the soil is not frozen. A root photo is included with each species to illustrate the optimal depth and orientation. Planting instructions/care are also included with each order.
Trays of 38 plants and 3-packs leave our Midwest greenhouse based on species readiness (well-rooted for transit) and based on order date Spring shipping is typically early-May through June, and Fall shipping is late-August through September. Plant cells are approximately 2” wide x 5” deep in the trays, and 2.5" wide x 3.5" deep in the 3-packs ideal for deep-rooted natives. Full-color tags and planting instructions/care are included with each order.
BARE ROOT and POTTED PLANTS $50.00 and under: $7.50
over $50.00: 15% of the total plant cost
(for orders over $1,000 a package signature may be required)
TOOLS and BOOKS have the shipping fee included in the cost of the product (within the contiguous US).
**We are required to collect state sales tax in certain states. Your state's eligibility and % will be calculated at checkout. MN State Sales Tax of 7.375% is applied for orders picked up at our MN location. Shipping & handling charges are also subject to the sales tax.
SEED, TOOLS and BOOKS are sent year-round. Most orders ship within a day or two upon receipt.
BARE ROOT PLANTS are shipped during optimal transplanting time: Spring (April-May) and Fall (Oct). Some ephemeral species are also available for summer shipping. Since our plants are field-grown, Nature sets the schedule each year as to when our season will begin and end. We fill all orders, on a first-come, first-serve basis, to the best of our ability depending on weather conditions beyond our control.
POTTED PLANTS (Trays of 38 and 3-packs) typically begin shipping early May and go into June shipping time is heavily dependent on all the species in your order being well-rooted. If winter-spring greenhouse growing conditions are favorable and all species are well-rooted at once, then we ship by order date (first come, first serve). We are a Midwest greenhouse, and due to the challenges of getting all the species in the Mix & Match and Pre-Designed Garden Kits transit-ready at the same time, we typically can't ship before early May. Earlier shipment requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
*We are unable to ship PLANTS (bare root or potted) outside the contiguous US or to CALIFORNIA due to regulations.
We ship using USPS, UPS and Spee Dee. UPS and Spee Dee are often used for expediting plant orders they will not deliver to Post Office Box numbers, so please also include your street address if ordering plants. We send tracking numbers to your email address so please include it when you order.
FOR MORE DETAILED SHIPPING INFORMATION, INCLUDING CANADA SHIPPING RATES (SEED ONLY), PLEASE SEE 'SHIPPING' AT THE FOOTER OF THIS WEBSITE.
Perhaps you’ve heard of native plants being a better choice for your garden, or the idea of planting perennials that will take less care, live longer, and tolerate difficult conditions has you interested. Native plants are becoming popular for good reason.
Ohio is a typical Midwestern state that shares similar climate with a number of other places in the middle of the USA, so it can both borrow some plants indigenous to nearby states, and share some. I chose five of the best performers to give any gardener plants that will add beauty to their yards without a lot of fuss.
If you grow a good looking healthy plant, it really doesn’t matter which style you decide to design your garden with… the results are going to be pleasing. That is one good reason to grow native plants: they tend to be better suited to climate conditions.
Ohio Goldenrod has a compact form that belies its large exuberant floral display late in the season. The superb foliage with lush, lance-like leaves radiates out from the base. Excellent for moist clay, it also thrives in good garden soil …
|Soil Type||Clay, Loam, Sand|
|Soil Moisture||Medium, Moist|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Height||3' - 4'|
|Bloom Time||Aug, Sep|
|Zones||4, 5, 6|
|Benefits||Birds, Butterflies, Pollinators, Host Plant, Deer Resistant|
|Seeds per Oz||90000|
|Propagation Treatment||Dry Stratification|
|Direct Sowing Time||Spring, Early Summer, Fall|
Ohio Goldenrod has a compact form that belies its large exuberant floral display late in the season. The superb foliage with lush, lance-like leaves radiates out from the base. Excellent for moist clay, it also thrives in good garden soil.
Native plants can be grown outside of their native range in the appropriate growing conditions. This map shows the native range, as well as the introduced range, of this species.