Nerine (nerina) or "spider lily"


This flower is beautiful and amazing. In addition to the fact that it is very beautiful, and this, perhaps, can be said about all representatives of the amaryllis family (amaryllis, hippeastrum, clivia), nerine begins to bloom in the midst of autumn. Although at this time most of the indoor plants, to one degree or another, are prepared for the dormant period during the winter.

Taking care of such a flower is not easy, but also not as difficult as it might seem. Any florist will cope with it if he observes the rules of growing and adheres to the deadlines.

Features of care for nerina

The flower has not one rest period, but two. One in winter, when it fades, the other in the summer months. Almost all amaryllids do not change the color of the foliage, until spring they are green and only at this time they begin to dry out. At the moment of winter dormancy, flower buds are laid. This must not be missed and everything must be taken with great responsibility.

The main rules are cool temperatures and dry air. In some cases, nerin is left in the room and trying to bring the situation closer to the conditions of its detention. But it is almost impossible to do this at home, because in winter for a flower it is necessary to reduce the air temperature to + 10 ... + 7 degrees. You can use the loggia, if there is one in the apartment and taking into account that the balcony room does not freeze. Also, as an option, the space between the window frames. But such windows are very rare, and a double-glazed window is unsuitable for such.

There is an easier way, albeit a little exotic: when the nerina stops blooming, its watering must be reduced, and in December it must be stopped altogether. After the leaves on the plant are completely dry, they need to be removed. And then take the pot and send it to the refrigerator, on the bottom shelf. An insulated balcony with an appropriate temperature or a dry cellar will also work. In such conditions, the flower will be stored until March.

When it comes time to get it, then there are difficulties. It is impossible for the air temperature to be high. You need to place the flower in the coolest place in the apartment and where there is little light. Difficulties can be avoided if spring comes early in the region of residence. Under such circumstances, the temperature outside is likely to be positive, somewhere around +5. This is enough to carry nerina out into the street. The open air suits her perfectly for comfortable growth and development. Where there is a warm climate, such a plant can be safely grown in open soil and not dug out for the winter.

Bulbs wake up in March-April. At the same time, the processes of reproduction and transplantation fall. Only now the awakening of nerine is very short-lived. Already in the middle of summer, the leaves of the plant become dry and the second period of dormancy is approaching. According to the rules, if the flower was kept in a bright room in winter, the rest lasts from May to August. But with a similar method of content, it shrinks.

From the middle of summer, it is necessary to reduce moisture and completely stop it until August. At the same time, you can plant the bulbs purchased at the store. Forcing nerina occurs at the end of summer and beginning of autumn, the plant itself will give a hint of the exact time. The first characteristic is that the neck of the bulb takes on a bronze tint. Now you need to start moisturizing the plant and feeding it.

It is worth paying special attention to the fact that the leaves must dry naturally, they cannot be cut off while they are green. And if it's August outside the window, but the plant is still with green leaves, this means that there is a problem with watering. So the soil somehow got moisture. It is important to observe a certain air temperature in winter. Otherwise, the plant may develop earlier and then the moment of flowering will be in question.

Watering. There should be regular, moderate watering, without waterlogging, for the period of active development and growth of the plant. This is especially important at the beginning of autumn, September-October. If the leaves turn yellow and die off, then you need to moisturize less and gradually stop watering.

Top dressing. It is necessary to feed the plant only during the flowering period (once a week) and growth (once every two weeks). Top dressing is a simple liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.

Planting and transplanting. The capacity must be taken small. If two bulbs are planted in a large pot, they will not develop well. Diameter 11-13 cm, this is the optimal pot size. It is better to plant the bulbs tightly to each other and not fully deepen, some should remain on the surface. Water only immediately after planting and no longer moisturize until development.

Experienced florists do not advise replanting the plant unnecessarily. You can simply replace the topsoil before forcing.

You can completely transplant the plant after 4-5 years of life, and if necessary, do it in April. The composition of the soil for replanting: equal parts of sand, humus and turf. The presence of drainage is required.

Reproduction. You can use two methods: seeds and babies. Seeds are rarely used, as it is a troublesome and painstaking business. The easiest way is in the spring, at the time of transplantation, to divide the baby bulbs and put them in another pot. Flowering from a young plant will have to wait 3-4 years.

Caution! It should not be forgotten that nerine is, of course, a flower of extraordinary beauty, but it is also poisonous. You only need to work with him with gloves, and then wash your hands well. Keep children and pets away from it.


Nerine: planting and care at home

Today, flower growers have the opportunity to cultivate a large number of flowering crops that thrive in the garden, as well as on window sills indoors. These plants include nerine. The flower is deservedly popular, because it is presented in a variety of species and varieties, distinguished by incredibly beautiful flowering.


Reproduction of nerine

Propagation by daughter bulbs... It would seem that the easiest way to reproduce is to divide the nest of bulbs when transplanting in the summer. But without separating the bulbs, the nerine blooms better. Therefore, you can take only some of the daughter bulbs that have detached themselves and are not attached to the mother bulb. They are planted in pots with a diameter of 10 cm. In the first year after planting, such a bulb usually does not bloom.

Seed reproduction... Nerina is propagated by freshly harvested seeds. They are sown in a mixture of equal proportions of compost and sand, slightly covered with the same mixture or vermiculite. Germinated in seedling boxes at a temperature of + 10 ... +13 ° C. In 2-3 weeks, seedlings usually appear. The grown seedlings are kept at a temperature of + 15 ... + 18 ° C all year round (in the first 3 years - without a dormant period). Seedlings are fed 2 times a month from August to April, in the summer they stop feeding. After a year, small bulbs can be planted in individual containers with a diameter of 9 cm. Plants grown from seeds usually bloom in the 3-5th year.


Landing rules

Bulbous culture can be planted in pots in several pieces. However, the diameter of the container chosen for growing should not be less than 12-14 centimeters. Some flower growers prefer to root nerine in even larger pots, planting the plant in a circle, with the cultures removed from each other by 3-4 centimeters. In this embodiment, the flower will not give offspring, but will actively bloom. The plant should be planted in the ground in such a way that part of the bulb remains on the surface.

A perennial requires a loose and light soil with a slightly acidic environment. You can make such a soil mixture yourself by mixing sand, humus and sod soil in equal parts.

For proper development, the plant will need a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.


Growing conditions for nerine

For growing, use a well-drained substrate made up of equal amounts of all-purpose bulbous soil, rotted compost, and fine river sand. When planting, do not deepen the bulbs: the neck should rise
above the soil level. The volume of the pot for a one-year-old bulb is 10 cm. In large containers, the soil will turn sour.

The plant loves when its bulbs are cramped. Therefore, you should not often divide the growing nests of nerine bulbs and transplant the propagated plants.

During the growth period, keep the plant pot on the southern, well-lit windows. Moderate watering, especially during cool periods.

After the leaves die off in late spring, stop watering before the onset of autumn vegetation. Keep the bulbs all summer in a dry, light place with an air temperature of + 23 ... + 25 ° С.

At the end of August, the neck of the nerine bulbs will begin to acquire a bronze tint - this is a sign of the final awakening of the plant. Once this happens, transplant the bulb into new soil and water gently. Plant adult nerine bulbs to a depth of about 2/3 of their height, and the daughter ones should be buried about 1–2 cm from the soil surface. Plants grown from young bulbs will bloom in the third year of culture.

Then, for 3-4 weeks (until the flower stalks appear), do not water the plants, only periodically moisten the soil slightly so that it does not bake.

With the appearance of flower stalks, watering of the nerine bulbs is resumed, and then during the entire flowering period the plant should be watered evenly and once a week given a weak top dressing with potash fertilizer, a universal liquid fertilizer for tomatoes is also suitable.

Blooming Nerine Zeal Giant

The first leaves of nerine appear during or after flowering in the fall, at the same time babies form on the bulb. After the end of flowering, the leaves continue to grow for some time. Keep the plant in a well-lit area with a temperature
+ 7 ... + 10 ° С (this is an indispensable condition for laying flower buds in the bulbs for future flowering). Limit watering, water only after the substrate dries. By spring, increase the intervals between waterings, and after the leaves die off, do not water. And further along a new circle! Observing the requirements of the plant, the time of its flowering can be controlled by shifting the timing of the formation of peduncles in any direction.

If seeds are not required, remove wilted flower heads.

Attention! Nerine is poisonous, therefore it requires careful handling. Position the flower so that children and animals are restricted from accessing it.


Growing and caring at home

Representatives of the amaryllis family do not tolerate negligent care and inattention to their person. Nerine is no exception. However, knowing some of the intricacies of growing this plant at home, any novice florist can handle nerin care.

Video about planting and caring for nerin at home:

Where to put, lighting, soil

Since nerine is a southern beauty, she needs light for her successful development. The optimal place for its placement will be a window sill, where the sun's rays fall for several hours a day. On the hottest days during the active sun, the flower requires shading. During the rest period, when he is resting, lighting is not required. It grows in nutritious soil, which should have the following composition: leafy, soddy soil, peat and sand. You can prepare the finished substrate yourself or buy it at a flower shop.

Temperature, humidity

The air temperature in summer should not drop below 20 °. At the same time, the humidity should be high, since it is a tropical culture.

If it is very hot in summer, it is worth providing a source of additional moisture. For example, place a pot with a plant on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay, or use a household humidifier. Spraying from a spray bottle with water at room temperature is also effective. Before distillation, nerine should be kept in a cool room - up to 14 °, after the sprouts appear, the temperature is raised to 20 °, during the rest period - 10 °.

Watering

When the flower is actively growing, it needs abundant watering - September, October. At this time, he is intensively preparing for flowering. After the inflorescences fall off, watering is gradually reduced. During rest, it is not watered at all. The resumption of moisture intake is possible only after the emergence of sprouts from the bulbs. It is worth using settled soft water at room temperature.

Fertilizers

The culture needs active feeding only during the growth period. Fertilizer should contain an increased level of phosphorus, but nitrogen should be less. This is important because phosphorus is needed to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and abundant flowering. Do not feed the spider lily during rest.

You can buy ready-made fertilizer at a flower shop - use it according to the instructions, or dilute it in half the dose of the indicated proportions. It is necessary to introduce the ready-made liquid solution into the soil once a week during the flowering period, then once every 14 days (after the buds have fallen off). Top dressing should be stopped from May until the next flowering (early autumn).

Dormant period

Nerine has two periods of rest - winter and summer.

Preparing for hibernation involves pruning dry tops and storing the bulbs properly. The pot with the plant should be stored in a room with an air temperature of up to 10 C ° with low humidity. For this, a basement or a glazed loggia is suitable. They are kept in this state until the onset of spring. At this time, new buds are actively emerging, and for their awakening in March, the bulbs are transferred to the light. So they stay during the summer in a warm place, where the air temperature is about 25 ° C and the humidity is low.

You can find out about the awakening by the base of the bulb - it becomes bronze in color. This usually happens in August. Now they need to be watered. Until the peduncle appears, you can no longer water it.

Transfer

The process of replanting all bulbous plants is identical for all of their species. They prefer small pots with a diameter of 10-15 cm. If you take an unnecessarily large container, the plant will lag behind in development. The bulb cannot be completely buried in the ground, only by 2/3 of its size.

Purchased seedlings are introduced into the soil in August, when summer dormancy comes to an end. An adult plant does not need frequent transplants; it is enough to replace the top layer of the soil.

So that water does not accumulate at the bottom of the pot, it is worth equipping a good drainage - it can be a layer of pebbles, expanded clay or foam.

How to propagate

The bulb lily is excellent for reproduction. There are two ways to reproduce nerine - seeds and daughter bulbs. The first method is not common, but the second is easy and affordable.

After the onion babies appear, they are carefully separated from the mother plant and placed in separate pots. The containers should be taken small, so that there is no more than 3 cm of free space around the edge. It is necessary to carry out this manipulation before the growing season in the spring, when an adult flower is transplanted. The young plant quickly takes root and is able to bloom as early as 3 years after separation.

Bloom

Nerine is famous for its luxurious bloom in autumn. Its unusual inflorescences, collected in umbrellas, thin out the delicate aroma. Each species and variety of perennials has flowers that differ in color and type. Petals can be straight, curved, wrinkled, monochromatic, multi-colored, with a bright stripe. The shades of the flower are countless - white, pink, red, orange.

In order for the bulbs to sprout a peduncle, you need to properly organize the rest, which this wonderful flower has two - winter and summer.Top dressing during the flowering period is applied once a week, during watering, using ready-made fertilizer for amaryllis crops.

Diseases and pests

The plant has good immunity and is quite resistant to the appearance of a number of diseases. However, this rule applies with optimal home care for the beautiful nerina.

To prevent bulb rot, be careful with watering after coming out of hibernation. Also, excessive feeding can lead to the fact that the leaves will grow vigorously, and the flowering will be poor. If the leaf turns yellow, the plant is dry, you need to humidify the air.

As for pests, most often nerine affects aphids, mealybugs, scale insects. These insects damage the leaves. They must be removed immediately, first collected by hand with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water, and then it is worth using an insecticidal agent.

The bulb can also be attacked by a pest - this is a bulbous mite. You can fight it with folk methods - water the plant with a solution of potassium permanganate, wipe the bulb with soapy water, and dry it under ultraviolet light. If there is no result, the bulb must be removed from the pot and soaked in insecticide.

Care errors and problems


Plant propagation

Nerine is grown with small onion daughters.

They are separated from the mother and planted in prepared soil.

Such an onion blooms in the third year, when the diameter is at least 6 cm. Planting in open soil in the regions of the Black Sea coast is carried out in July. A later planting affects the number of inflorescences and their quality.

If planted in a pot, then this should be done in June or early July. The tip of the onion should be on top. The pots are transferred after planting to a room where the temperature is 15 degrees. Water as the soil dries up. The main thing is to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil.

Onions grow a lot during the season. If you do not separate them, then this will affect the irregularity of flowering. Therefore, it is necessary to divide the onion mothers during the rest so that they bloom every year.


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